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WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL AND DEPRESSION?


Understanding the significance of co-occurring alcohol use disorders and depression is crucial because it explains why there are numerous cases of relapse after receiving alcohol dependency therapy.

It also explains why antidepressants have moderate benefits for individuals with both depression and alcohol use problems.


What Is Alcohol Dependence And Depression?

One of the most common psychiatric diseases in the general population is alcohol use disorders (AUD). People with AUD and co-occurring mental illnesses are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Alcoholism and depression increased the likelihood of respondents reporting a history of suicide attempts.

Alcohol use disorder is excessive alcohol consumption that endangers the drinker or causes them to harm others. Alcoholism, often known as dependence on alcohol, is a persistent, chronic relapsing condition that has massive adverse effects on one's health.

A prolonged sense of sadness and loss of interest are symptoms of depression. Depression is a mood disorder.

Major depression or alcohol use disorder carries a twofold increased probability of occurrence. The correlation between the two is moderate.


What Is The Relationship Between Alcohol and Depression?

Even after adjusting for confounding factors, several studies have discovered evidence of a continuous link between alcohol use disorders and depression.

The two general theories that explain the observed connect


ions between AUD and MD include

First, it argued that genetic and environmental variables that synergistically raise the risk of both disorders are the primary causes of both AUD and MD.

Second, it argued that AUD and MD are causally linked, meaning that either AUD or MD raises the chance of the other.

There is debate about whether depression causes alcohol use disorder (AUD) or vice versa when determining their causal relationship. Major depression strongly correlates with alcohol use disorders.

Depression in alcohol addicts can weaken their resolve to abstain from alcohol and increase their likelihood of using alcohol to treat their symptoms. The effects of persistent alcohol intoxication cause depression in alcohol dependence. Major depression is more likely to occur in people who drink more.


Treatment Of Alcohol And Depression

The relationship between AUD and depression suggests that some cases of depression may end after receiving alcoholism treatment. After receiving treatment for their alcohol use disorder, people who use alcohol to treat their depressive symptoms may also need to receive treatment for depression.

If a person has both diseases and reports self-medication, combining therapy for AUD and MD may be a more effective strategy. People who initially appear with MD may not completely remit from MD if treated for AUD since some people have reported utilizing alcohol to self-medicate depression symptoms.

Treatment of MD should include evaluation and treatment of AUD, as treatment of AUD reduces the symptoms of MD.

The body of evidence that is currently available for treatments for individuals who misuse alcohol and have a depressive disorder includes;

  • Pharmaceutical interventions: AUD and MD management requires medications such as Naltrexone, Acamprosate, and Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

  • Psychological interventions: It means treating alcohol use disorder and depression with cognitive–behavioral therapy(psychotherapy).

Combining psychotherapy with antidepressants and dependency medicines gives the best patient treatment result.


Conclusion

Depression in alcohol-dependent people is likely to affect the course and results of therapy. Understanding the link between depression and alcoholism is crucial for effective alcohol dependence management, making depression identification necessary. Major depression and alcohol abuse are linked.



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